Last updated May 27, 2013
One of the three
Maritime provinces, and included as one of the four Atlantic provinces, of
Canada, bounded on the north by the Province Quebec and Chaleur Bay, on the
east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Northumberland Strait, on the south east
by Nova Scotia, on the south by the Bay of Fundy, and on the west by the state
of Maine. The province is joined to Nova Scotia by the narrow Isthmus of
Chignecto. New Brunswick entered the Canadian Confederation on July 1, 1867, as
one of the four original provinces. The province has traditionally had an
economy based on the exploitation of its natural resources. In the early 1990's
forestry and mineral industries remained important, but services and
manufacturing were the dominant sectors. The province is named for the British
royal family of Brunswick-Lüneburg (the house of Hannover). New Brunswick
is called the Loyalist Province.
the early 1990's New Brunswick was served by a comprehensive communications
system, which included 12 commercial AM radio stations, 7 commercial FM radio
stations, and 4 commercial television stations. The first radio station in the
Atlantic provinces, CFNB, began broadcasting in Fredericton in 1923. In the
early 1990's the province had four English-language daily newspapers and one
French-language daily; their combined daily circulation was 148,100. New
Brunswick's first newspaper, the Royal Saint John Gazette and Nova Scotia
Intelligencer, began publication in 1783. Today the leading papers are the
Daily Gleaner, of Fredericton; the Telegraph-Journal, of Saint John; the
Times-Transcript, of Moncton; and L'Acadie Nouvelle, of Caraquet.
Like much of Canada and especially
like the other Atlantic provinces, New Brunswick has had, since its earliest
settlement, an economy that is closely tied to its natural resources. Forestry
products (including manufactured items) have been New Brunswick's economic
mainstay throughout its history. Both fishing and agriculture have declined in
significance. Since the discovery of extensive base metal ore deposits in the
1950's, mineral production has increased dramatically. With the growth of
service industries and specialized manufacturing, the province has a wider
employment base than ever before.
Agriculture and Aquaculture The food
production and processing industries of New Brunswick are important components
of the provincial economy, supporting the employment of 17,000 people, mostly
in rural communities. Combined food and beverage shipments were valued at $2
billion in 2005.
The agriculture sector is diverse, combining 3,034 farms
with 100 processing plants to produce $1.13 billion worth of agri-food and
beverage products in 2005 . With a 265 percent processing rate, New Brunswick
enjoys one of the highest levels of value-added processing in Canada .
Potatoes, dairy products, eggs and poultry account for more than 60 per cent of
New Brunswick 's total farm income of $427 million in 2005.
salmon aquaculture industry in the Bay of Fundy combined with growing expertise
in the culture of molluscs, sturgeon and other aquatic species ensures New
Brunswick 's position as the aquaculture leader in Atlantic Canada. Worth
approximately $1 million annually in the early 1980s, the provincial salmon
industry now boasts annual sales in excess o f $270 million in processed and
New Brunswick also has a well-established shellfish
industry, producing mussels and oysters on the eastern coast. Over the past two
decades, aquaculture has become a significant contributor and vital component
of the provincial economy, especially in coastal communities where it supports
more than 5 ,000 direct and indirect jobs.
Forestry New Brunswick is
blessed with an immense tapestry of natural beauty providing wildlife habitat,
picturesque landscapes and limitless recreational opportunities.
About 85 per cent of New Brunswick's land
base, or 6.1 million hectares, is productive forest, providing wildlife
habitat, beautiful landscape, an incredible range of recreational
opportunities, and high-quality water and air.
The forestry industry is
also a crucial part of the provincial economy, directly employing about 17,000
people and indirectly employing an additional 6,000. With a total labour income
of $1.1 billion annually, the forestry sector directly contributes $1.7 billion
to the New Brunswick economy. The industry harvested more than 4.8 million
cubic metres of wood (both softwood and hardwood) from Crown lands in 2004,
with almost $57 million was paid in royalties for wood cut on Crown lands.
The province is considered a North American leader in forest management.
The Government of New Brunswick recognizes the importance of preserving a
sample of the province's natural ecosystems and protecting a sample of the
biological diversity of native plants, animals, waterways, forests, and
wetlands. In 2003, more than 146,400 hectares of land and water were placed in
30 protected natural areas to ensure the protection of the animals, plants,
forests, lakes, rivers and streams that make up our provincial ecosystem.
Government programs that strive to balance the expectations of industry
with those who enjoy the abundant forests of our province include the Forest
Habitat Program, the Protected Natural Areas program, as well as game and
fisheries management programs of the Department of Natural Resources, and the
Drinking Water Protection program of the Department of Environment.
Brunswick Forests - Natural Resources
Protection - Environment
Fisheries With a fishing
fleet of about 2,700 v essels and annual landings worth nearly $205 million in
2005, the commercial fishing industry makes a significant economic contribution
to the New Brunswick economy. The commitment of more than 7,000 fishermen and
8,000 plant workers to delivering quality products makes New Brunswick a leader
in the commercial and processing fisheries sectors. New Brunswick is the fourth
largest exporter of fish and seafood products in Canada with a value of $832
million, exporting nearly 100,000 tonnes of fish and seafood in 2005.
Mining New Brunswick
is blessed with a variety of rich mineral deposits. Mineral exploration and
mining play a significant role in the provincial economy. During the last three
years, the value of mineral production has varied from $772 million to $ 652
million . The industry directly employed over 3,150 people. The minerals and
commodities contributing to this wealth include metals (antimony, bismuth,
cadmium, copper, gold, lead, silver and zinc); non metals (marl, peat moss,
potash, silica, salt and sulphur); fuels (oil, natural gas and coal); and
structural materials (lime, sand and gravel, stone).
Our large reserves of
lead, zinc and copper are found in the northern part of the province around
Bathurst . Potash and salt deposits are centred in the southern region,
primarily around Sussex . Although peat harvesting takes place primarily on the
Acadian Peninsula , the resource can be found in a broad diagonal zone that
stretches from the south to the northeast of the province.
expenditures in New Brunswick for 2005 were expected to reach $10.5 million for
metallic minerals and $3.5 million for potash. This represents a significant
increase over the $8 million spent on mineral exploration in 2004. The number
of mineral claims in good standing rose to just over 19,000 in 2005, up 1,100
from the previous year.
About $25 million was spent exploring for oil and
natural gas in New Brunswick in 2005. Sufficient natural gas reserves have now
been discovered in the Sussex area (McCully Field) to supply markets in New
Brunswick and New England . An application was before the Public Utilities
Board in 2006 to construct gathering lines, a gas plant and a 50-kilometre
pipeline to connect the McCully field with the Maritimes & Northeast
Pipeline which connects Atlantic Canada to the New England market.
Natural Resources - Minerals
Manufacturing New Brunswick is
blessed with a variety of rich mineral deposits. Mineral exploration and mining
play a significant role in the provincial economy. During the last three years,
the value of mineral production has varied from $772 million to $ 652 million .
The industry directly employed over 3,150 people. The minerals and commodities
contributing to this wealth include metals (antimony, bismuth, cadmium, copper,
gold, lead, silver and zinc); non metals (marl, peat moss, potash, silica, salt
and sulphur); fuels (oil, natural gas and coal); and structural materials
(lime, sand and gravel, stone).
Our large reserves of lead, zinc and copper
are found in the northern part of the province around Bathurst . P otash and
salt deposits are centred in the southern region, primarily around Sussex .
Although peat harvesting takes place primarily on the Acadian Peninsula , the
resource can be found in a broad diagonal zone that stretches from the south to
the northeast of the province.
Exploration expenditures in New Brunswick for
2005 were expected to reach $10.5 million for metallic minerals and $3.5
million for potash. This represents a significant increase over the $8 million
spent on mineral exploration in 2004. The number of mineral claims in good
standing rose to just over 19,000 in 2005, up 1,100 from the previous year.
About $25 million was spent exploring for oil and natural gas in New
Brunswick in 2005. Sufficient natural gas reserves have now been discovered in
the Sussex area (McCully Field) to supply markets in New Brunswick and New
England . An application was before the Public Utilities Board in 2006 to
construct gathering lines, a gas plant and a 50-kilometre pipeline to connect
the McCully field with the Maritimes & Northeast Pipeline which connects
Atlantic Canada to the New England market.
Resources - Minerals
Knowledge New Brunswick is
currently one of the most Internet-connected jurisdictions in the world, with
broadband access in 100 per cent of its schools and institutions and more than
90 per cent of homes and businesses.
The Information and Communications
Technology (ICT) sector is now the second-largest sector in the province with
more than 700 innovative new economy companies employing over 30,000 people and
generating revenues of over $2.1 billion annually.
The industry encompasses
all companies and organizations whose primary products and services are
knowledge intensive. In New Brunswick , the key sub-sectors are customer
relationship management, e-learning and game technology, e-business solutions,
information and communications technologies and engineering solutions.
Brunswick is a leader in e-learning development and implementation. More than
two million people around the world have taken online courses and advanced
training offered by New Brunswick 's public and private e-learning providers.
The National Research Council of Canada's Institute for Information Technology
e-Business, at the Fredericton campus of the University of New Brunswick , is
home to over 100 staff and researchers.
Tourism New Brunswick is truly
a must-see destination offering a world of natural wonders, vibrant cities and
towns and unique activities to explore. Here, the world's highest tides rise
and fall the height of a four-storey building, twice a day, every day. That's
just the beginning of the wonder waiting in New Brunswick
a place where
rivers stretch from breathtaking all the way to beautiful. Where you will be
fascinated by the fragile beauty of coastal dunes
or inspired by the
Appalachians, some of the oldest mountains on the planet! Winter, Spring,
Summer or Fall, adventure is always in season here in New Brunswick.
Brunswick continues to be a popular vacation destination for tourists visiting
the Atlantic Region throughout the year. Tourism continues to be one of the
leading economic generators in the province. In 2005, the province recorded
more than 1.7 million non-resident visitors, resulting in revenues of $1.2
billion. Over 33,000 jobs were generated through tourism-related activity and
direct, indirect and spin-off taxes exceeded $558 million.
States, Ontario, Quebec and other Atlantic Canadian provinces are the leading
points of origin of visitors to New Brunswick, with visitors from Europe, Asia
and Australia making up a smaller percentage. The United States and Ontario
each supplied 23 per cent of visitors, followed closely by Quebec at 21 per
cent. The combined Nova Scotia and PEI regional market contributed 426,000
visitors and foreign visitation to New Brunswick increased by 11 per cent in
Visitors can experience the rich culture and history of New Brunswick
in communities throughout the province; leave your footprints on the ocean's
floor as you experience the highest tides in the world on the Bay of Fundy;
swim in the warmest salt water north of Virginia along the shores of the
Northumberland Strait; fish in one of our world-famous salmon rivers;
experience the beauty of the pristine Appalachian range and our amazing coastal
and inland scenic drives; go on amazing snowmobile adventures and so much more.
With over 2.9 million accommodation units available across New Brunswick in
hotels, motels and bed and breakfasts, more than 1.5 million rooms were sold in
2005, with peak occupancy in July and August. Room sale revenues increased by
two per cent to $178 million in 2005. In addition, there are a wide range of
private and public campgrounds throughout the province which are rated to
ensure their quality and standard of service.
From exciting Great Day
Experiences to that unique Hometown feel and every Must-See-and-Do Attraction
there's so much to do in New Brunswick all year round!
Passport requirements - Important Notice for US Visitors U S passports are
not currently necessary for land travel to New Brunswick. A valid passport is
now required as of Jan. 23, 2007 for all air and sea travel to or from Canada,
Mexico, Central and South America, the Caribbean and Bermuda. For more
information, visit Passport
Department of Tourism and Parks site
Transportation in New Brunswick is
served by a network of some 20,620 km (some 12,815 mi) of roads and highways.
In addition, 1097 km (682 mi) of mainline railroad tracks cross the province.
Because it is on the mainland of North America, New Brunswick relies less on
water transportation than do the other Atlantic provinces. Saint John, however,
is a major seaport, and it is also the terminus of the two major national
railroad systems. Ice free in the winter months, the port handles 90% of the
province's import and export traffic. Moncton has the busiest airport;
Fredericton and Saint John also have major air terminals.
Energy The New Brunswick
Electric Power Corporation (NB Power) was first established by an act of the
Legislative Assembly in 1920 and is the province's primary supplier of
With assets in excess of $4.3 billion, the NB Power
Holding Corporation and its four operating companies employ approximately 2,400
regular employees and serve more than 90 per cent of the province's 360,000
customers. The utility is also interconnected with electrical utilities is
Quebec , Nova Scotia , Prince Edward Island and New England .
operates one of the most diversified generation systems and interconnected
transmission systems in North America .
NB Power's hydro, thermal,
combustion turbine and nuclear plants (it has the only nuclear plant in the
Atlantic Provinces , the Point Lepreau Generating Station) have a combined
capacity of more than 4,000 megawatts. The power they generate is delivered by
a transmission and distribution network of nearly 32,000 kilometres throughout
the province and beyond.
New Brunswick Power
Department of Energy
Education & Culture
Brunswick has a strong cultural and educational heritage that reflects the
influences of both its French-speaking and English-speaking populations.
Education. In 1816 the New Brunswick colonial legislature passed a law
providing for the establishment of primary schools in all counties. The
province's modern public school system was established in 1871. In the early
1990's New Brunswick had 450 elementary and secondary schools with a combined
annual enrollment of 141,650 students. There were few private schools. In the
same period the province had 13 institutions of higher education, with about
New Brunswick is home to four public universities which
offer a wide variety of educational programs. The University of New Brunswick,
with its main campus in Fredericton and another in Saint John, is the oldest
English-language university in Canada, and is the province's largest
university. St. Thomas University is a small, Roman Catholic institution in
Fredericton whose central liberal arts program is complemented by professional
programs in education and social work. Mount Allison University, located in the
Town of Sackville, offers undergraduate programs in arts, science, commerce,
fine arts and music. Université de Moncton, Canada 's largest
francophone institution outside of the province of Quebec, has its main campus
in the City of Moncton, with satellite campuses in the City of Edmundston and
the Town of Shippagan.
New Brunswick Community College (NBCC) programs
cover the education and training spectrum. The NBCC system offers everything
from academic studies to mechanical engineering, from health care to
construction trades to advanced technologies. In all, there are more than 100
regular training programs, plus a selection of industry-oriented, short-term
training services available to New Brunswick residents and beyond. Most NBCC
programs involve 40 to 80 weeks of study, with co-op programs longer in
The provincially-funded public education system, Kindergarten to
Grade 12, is offered through a dual system of English and French schools.
Attendance at New Brunswick public schools is compulsory until the completion
of high school or the age of 18. The Province's Education Act distributes
authorities and responsibilities between the provincial government, as
represented by the Minister of Education and District Education Councils
(DECs), which are elected at the local level every four years. Generally, the
minister establishes and monitors the educational and service standards and
policy framework while the DECs, through their superintendents, are responsible
for program implementation and operation of the schools. The governance
structure also includes school-based advisory committees known as Parent School
Support Committees. Members are elected at the school level and serve
three-year terms. For administrative purposes, the province is divided into 14
school districts, nine Anglophone and five francophone.
museums, and other cultural institutions are concentrated in Fredericton and
Saint John. Major museums include the Beaverbrook Art Gallery and the
Provincial Archives, both at Fredericton; the New Brunswick Museum, with
historical collections, at Saint John; and the Musée Acadian at the
Université de Moncton. Prominent libraries include the Harriet Irving
Library of the University of New Brunswick at Fredericton, and the New
Brunswick Museum Library, at Saint John. Also of note is the provincial
legislative library, at Fredericton. Symphony New Brunswick is based in Saint
John, and Theatre New Brunswick has its headquarters at the Playhouse in
Fredericton. Acadian cultural activities are coordinated by Le Centre de
Promotion et de Diffusion de la Culture, at Moncton Historical Sites. Fort
Beauséjour National Historic Park, east of Sackville, is the site of an
18th-century French fort. Remains of British defensive sites include the
Martello Tower west of Saint John and the Saint Andrews Blockhouse, dating from
the early 19th century. At Saint John are several historic structures,
including houses that were built by Loyalists.
The scenic forests and rivers of New
Brunswick furnish excellent opportunities for hunting, fishing, and boating.
The province's salmon streams are particularly well known. Winter sports are
The most important mineral resources are found
near Bathurst. Ores here contain zinc, lead, copper, cadmium, bismuth, gold,
and silver. Gypsum is found near Havelock, and small coal deposits are located
near Grand Lake.
The French mariner Jacques Cartier visited the east coast of the
region constituting present-day New Brunswick in 1534. He and other early
explorers found two Indian tribes in the region, the Malecite and the Micmac.
In 1604 the French explorers Samuel de Champlain and Pierre du Guast, sieur de
Monts, established the first French settlement on an island at the mouth of the
Saint Croix River. The settlement was abandoned the next year, but after 1631,
when the French constructed Fort La Tour on the site of modern Saint John,
colonists moved into the coastal area along the Bay of Fundy.
Brunswick region then formed part of the French province of Acadia. Warfare
between the French and British flared intermittently between 1689 and 1763.
Great Britain obtained possession of mainland Acadia in 1713 under the terms of
the Peace of Utrecht, the agreement ending the War of the Spanish Succession,
but the French insisted that New Brunswick was not included. In 1755 the
British defeated French forces at Fort Beauséjour and extended effective
British rule to New Brunswick. In the same year, when the British expelled the
Acadians from Nova Scotia, some 500 of the deportees settled in New Brunswick,
substantially augmenting its population.
In 1762 the
first British settlement in New Brunswick was established at Saint John. Many
British Loyalists fled there from the American colonies during and after the
American Revolution, and in 1784 New Brunswick, which had been administered as
a part of Nova Scotia, became a separate colony. After the Napoleonic Wars many
British immigrants came to New Brunswick, and the colony entered a period of
prosperity based on fishing, shipbuilding, and lumbering.
In 1867 New
Brunswick joined with Nova Scotia, Lower Canada (Quebec), and Upper Canada
(Ontario) to form the Dominion of Canada under the terms of the British North
America Act. Railroad building followed confederation. The Intercolonial
Railway (now the Canadian National Railway), linking New Brunswick and Nova
Scotia with Montreal, was completed in 1876. The Canadian Pacific Railway line
from Montreal to Moncton, by way of northern Maine, was finished before the
close of the century. Other local lines were built, some before confederation.
Agriculture and the timber trade declined in the late 19th century.
Contributory causes were the opening up of the western grain country, the
industrialization of central Canada, and tariff restrictions that cut New
Brunswick off from its natural trade channels to the U.S. and Europe. The long
freight haul to the central Canadian markets inhibited trade in that direction.
The provincial economy slowly recovered during the 20th century. The
introduction of the pulp and paper industry brought new life and a more stable
character to lumbering. Agriculture gained greatly with the cultivation of
potatoes for export. The fishing industry expanded, and methods of fishing were
improved. New industries appeared, particularly those aimed at supplying
provincial needs. The exploitation of hydroelectric resources, mining
discoveries, and the general growth of Canada as a whole helped to improve
Liberal Premier Louis J. Robichaud (1925- ), an
Acadian, took office in 1960 and established the official equality of the
French and English languages. This action was in recognition of the growth in
the Acadian segment to about 39 percent of the population by 1961. Robichaud
also pursued, often with federal assistance, a strategy of industrialization to
create the jobs necessary to bring living standards up to the national average.
His Progressive Conservative party successor, Richard Bennett Hatfield (1931-),
premier from 1970 to 1987, continued Robichaud's policies of
The failure of some enterprises, notably a
government-backed automobile manufacturing plant, a waning federal enthusiasm
for subsidized development, a 5-year ban on commercial salmon fishing, and a
slump in the lumbering industry slowed economic progress. At the same time,
construction of a new container facility made Saint John the rival to Halifax
as Canada's year-round port in the east. In the 1987 election the Liberals, led
by Frank McKenna (1948- ), swept all 58 seats in the legislature. McKenna was a
leading opponent of the Meech Lake accord (calling for the recognition of
Quebec as a "distinct society" within the Dominion); he eventually modified his
stand to avoid alienating Quebec. He won another massive majority in 1991, but
the new Confederation of Regions party, which was critical of both French power
and social change, captured eight seats perhaps an indication of rising ethnic
tensions in New Brunswick
New Brunswick covers 73,440 square
kilometres in roughly a rectangle shape about 242 kilometres (150 miles) from
east to west and 322 kilometres (200 miles) north to south. Its northern
reaches are dominated by mountains that are part of the Appalachian
Most of the prominent physical features of New
Brunswick are aligned in a southwest to northeast direction. The Maritime
Plain, a triangular region with its base along the Northumberland Strait,
covers about one-third of the province. This region is flat to gently
undulating and lies mostly below 152 m (500 ft) in elevation. It is underlain
by sedimentary rocks and has soils built on relatively stone-free glacial
deposits. The New Brunswick Highlands region extends from Chaleur Bay southwest
and then along the coast of the Bay of Fundy. This region is highest in the
north, where the average elevation exceeds 610 m (2000 ft); the province's
highest peak, Mt. Carleton, at 820 metres (2,690 feet), is the highest. The
area along the Bay of Fundy has elevations that range from about 305 to 425 m
(about 1000 to 1400 ft). Much of the highland region is underlain by hard
granitic rocks and has thin, stony soils. The Saint John River, often called
The Rhine of North America, cuts through this region, and its narrow lowlands
contain fertile soil. To the northwest lies the Chaleur Uplands, a plateau like
region with an average elevation of about 305 m (about 1000 ft) and soils
similar to those of the New Brunswick Highlands. A small portion of the Notre
Dame Mts. is in the extreme northwest. This region has a more rugged terrain.
The province's major rivers and its many smaller
streams radiate outward from the interior highlands. The most important stream,
the St. John River, rises in Maine and flows southeast to the Bay of Fundy. The
extremely high tides of the Bay of Fundy flow upstream, causing the famous
phenomenon known as the reversing falls of Saint John. Other major rivers
include the Restigouche, which has headwaters in the Chaleur Uplands and
empties into Chaleur Bay, and the Miramichi, which cuts across the Maritime
Plain to its outlet on the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Many small lakes and a few
larger ones occur in the glaciated upland regions. The largest natural lake is
Grand Lake, which is only 2 m (7 ft) above sea level, even though it is more
than 70 km (43 mi) from the open sea. Several reservoirs have been formed
behind dams on the St. John River.
The north half of New Brunswick has a
distinctly continental climate, with cold winters and warm summers. The south
half has a more moderate maritime climate, with milder winters and slightly
cooler summers. The average annual temperature ranges from 2.8° C (37°
F) in the north to 5° C (41° F) in the south. The recorded temperature
has ranged from -47.2° C (-53° F) in 1955, at Sisson Dam in the
northwest, to 39.4° C (102.9° F) in 1935, at Nepisiguit Falls in the
northeast. The average annual precipitation ranges from 889 mm (35 in) in the
north to 1143 mm (45 in) in the south. Precipitation is fairly evenly
distributed throughout the year. Fog is common in the spring and early summer
along the Bay of Fundy coast.
Government & Politics
New Brunswick has
a parliamentary form of government. Executive. The lieutenant governor, the
nominal head of government, is appointed, usually for five years, by the
federal government. Actual power is held by the premier, who typically leads
the strongest party in the legislature. The premier selects executive council
(cabinet) ministers from among the members of the legislature.
unicameral Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick consists of 58 members
popularly elected for a maximum of five years, subject to earlier
The highest court in the province, the Court of
Appeal, consists of a chief justice and five other judges. The Court of
Queen's Bench includes a trial division, with a total of 20 judges, and a
family division, with 8 judges. All superior and district court judges in New
Brunswick are appointed for life by the federal government (that is, by the
governor-general in council). Minor cases are tried in provincial courts, with
judges who are appointed by the provincial government.
counties have been replaced by the provincial government as the principal agent
of local administration. Incorporated areas include 6 cities, 27 towns,
and 84 villages, all of which have elective clerks and councils. National
Representation. New Brunswick is represented in the Parliament of Canada by ten
senators, appointed for life by the federal government, and ten elected members
of the House of Commons.
In federal and provincial politics New
Brunswick has, in the 20th century, been controlled for about equal periods by
the Liberal and Conservative (now Progressive Conservative) parties. Although
independents have occasionally been elected to Parliament from New Brunswick,
third parties have traditionally had little impact on either the federal or
provincial level. An exception is the Confederation of Regions party, which
finished second to the Liberals and ahead of the Progressive Conservatives in
the September 1991 elections.
The current provincial government is
headed by Premier Shawn Graham of the Liberal Party of New Brunswick which took
office on Oct. 3, 2006 . The Acting Leader of the Official Opposition is
Jeannot Volpé of the Progressive Conservative Party of New Brunswick.
Current standings in the legislative assembly are 29 Liberals and 26
New Brunswick has 10 appointed seats in the
Canadian Senate and elects 10 members of the House of Commons of Canada. Any
Canadian citizen 18 years of age or older who has been a resident for six
months is entitled to vote.
According to 2001 Census data, New
Brunswick has a total population of 729,498 .
Saint John is the largest city
in the province with a population of 69,661 ; it is also the province's oldest
city. Moncton is home to 61,046 people, while Fredericton , the provincial
capital, has a population of 47,560 . Bathurst 's population stands at 12,924,
Edmundston's at 17,373 and Campbellton's at 7,798
Miramichi, established on
Jan. 1, 1995 , is comprised of several communities in the Chatham and Newcastle
area and boasts a population of 18,508 . Dieppe became the eighth New Brunswick
city on Jan 1, 2003 . Dieppe 's population in 2001 was 14,951 .
Brunswick is Canada 's only official bilingual province. About 33 per cent of
the population is French-speaking, based on 2001 census results.
Economics and Statistics
The above information comes from
the Government of New
Brunswick web sites.